Corporate Law
5 minutes reading time

Understanding the Different Types of Corporations in Ontario

Written by:
The Tabuchi Law Team
Published on:
The Tabuchi Law Team
April 9, 2023
The Tabuchi Law Team
April 9, 2023

Corporations are not just businesses but legal entities with rights and responsibilities. They can own property, enter into contracts, and are subject to taxation. However, it's important to note that not all corporations are the same. In Ontario, businesses have a range of corporate structures to choose from, each with its unique advantages and disadvantages. This article will guide you through the maze of corporate systems, helping you find the perfect fit for your business. Let's jump right in!

Types of Corporations in Ontario

Sole Proprietorships

A sole proprietorship, often considered the cornerstone of business structures, operates under the ownership and management of a single individual who assumes complete responsibility for the company's debts and obligations. While its simplicity is appealing, this structure carries a notable element of personal risk during financial hardships. Thus, it becomes necessary to carefully evaluate the potential risks and rewards associated with this entrepreneurial venture. Such consideration ensures an engaging and captivating journey into sole proprietorship, where one can give life to their business dreams.


Partnerships are dynamic business arrangements jointly owned by two or more individuals. In these collaborative ventures, all partners come together to share not only the profits and losses of the company but also their expertise and resources. This brings an exciting blend of talents and ideas, making partnerships a fertile ground for innovation and growth. While the shared responsibility offers the potential for more significant gains, it also adds an element of risk, heightening the thrill of the entrepreneurial journey.

Limited Liability Corporations

Limited Liability Corporations (LLCs) are a captivating type of corporation that provides personal liability protection to owners and offers many other advantages. With an LLC, owners are shielded from personal responsibility for the company's debts or liabilities, allowing them to explore innovative business strategies and take calculated risks. This unique protective structure has propelled LLCs to become a highly sought-after choice for entrepreneurs across diverse industries. Whether it's a small startup or a thriving enterprise, the appeal of LLCs continues to grow, enabling businesses to thrive and flourish in today's dynamic market landscape.

Public and Private Corporations

Public corporations open their ownership to the general public, enabling anyone to become an owner. In contrast, private corporations restrict their ownership to individuals or companies. The decision between going public or staying private holds significant implications for a company's growth strategy and access to capital, shaping the very future of the business. This choice, which can be intriguing and crucial, is pivotal in determining how the company thrives and captivates investors.

Benefits of Forming a Corporation

If you are a savvy entrepreneur looking for strategic advantages, consider incorporating your business in Ontario. With limited liability protection, access to tax benefits, and an added layer of professionalism, incorporation offers a wealth of advantages for business owners.


One of the most compelling reasons to incorporate is the limited liability protection it provides for shareholders. Unlike sole proprietorships or partnerships, where personal liability for business debts is a genuine concern, shareholders in a corporation are typically safeguarded. Their liability is limited to their investment in the company, offering peace of mind and financial security.


But the benefits don't stop there. Incorporation also unlocks access to the highly sought-after Small Business Deduction, exclusively available to eligible Canadian-controlled private corporations. This advantageous tax provision enables a reduced tax rate on active business income up to a specific limit. Additionally, it opens up opportunities for income splitting among family members through dividend distributions, allowing for strategic financial planning and potential tax savings.


Beyond the financial advantages, incorporating your business adds a layer of professionalism and credibility that can set you apart from the competition. Many clients and customers prefer doing business with established and incorporated entities, perceiving them as trustworthy and reliable partners. By incorporating, you can enhance your brand image and attract a broader range of potential clients, giving your business a competitive edge in the marketplace.

It's important to note that these benefits come with specific responsibilities. Regulatory compliance and maintaining transparency with shareholders are crucial aspects of successful incorporation. To navigate the complexities of the process and fully understand its nuances, it's essential to consult with our dedicated team of experts.

Choosing the Right Corporation for Your Business

Making the right choice when selecting a corporation for your business is crucial. This decision requires careful thought and consideration. You must evaluate your business objectives, the level of control you desire, and your tax plans. It's important to understand that corporate structures have separate ownership, management, and decision-making rules. As we discussed, partnerships typically involve shared decision-making, while corporate shareholders have decision-making powers based on their share ownership.

If you expect to raise capital in the future, specific corporate structures, such as corporations, make it easier to do so by issuing shares. On the other hand, other structures may be less appealing to potential investors. It's worth noting that changing your business structure later on can be a time-consuming and costly process with potential tax implications. That's why starting with a structure that aligns with your long-term business vision is highly advantageous.

Seek Expert Advice

Choosing the right corporate structure for your business in Ontario is a decision that can have long-term effects. To ensure you have the utmost clarity and confidence in making this choice, it is essential to consult with legal and financial professionals. At Tabuchi Law, our expertise lies in corporate law, and we are dedicated to helping you navigate this process. We understand each business's unique needs, goals, and circumstances, and we can provide the guidance and advice necessary for you to make the best decision. Don't hesitate to schedule a consultation with us today, and empower yourself with the knowledge to make an informed choice for your business's future.

Take action now and contact Tabuchi Law for the support you need!

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